Dog distemper: symptoms, signs, treatment. Is the plague transmitted from dog to person, to another dog, to a cat?

Dog plague is a dangerous viral disease that can be treated early. If you identify the first symptoms and consult a veterinarian in a timely manner, you will be able to save a sick animal.

  • What is a dog in the house? This is the happiness of communicating with a four-legged friend, joint walks, the eternal devotion and loyalty that the dog gives
  • The most important thing is that the dog remains healthy. But this does not always happen: our pets, especially young ones, are prone to many diseases.
  • One of the most serious is the dog plague or, as it is commonly called, the plague
Chumka is one of the most dangerous canine diseases.

How are the distemper in dogs - symptoms?

Chumka is a very ancient disease, mentioned in the writings of Aristotle. Only in 1905, the French scientist Carré managed to establish the causative agent of the disease - filtering virus.

IMPORTANT: Dog plague is a viral disease with a varying incubation period - from three days to three weeks from the time of infection. The animal still seems healthy, but is already contagious.

The virus makes itself felt gradually: the dog begins to get bored, tired, loses its appetite and the disease enters the first stage of development.

Such a manifestation of the disease, if it is diagnosed in time, is quickly treated and in 90% of cases the dog recovers.

IMPORTANT: If the owner of the dog ignored or did not notice changes in the behavior of his pet, the plague develops and smoothly proceeds to the next stage.

At the next stage of the development of the disease, an increase in temperature begins, discharge from the conjunctiva of the eyes and nasal mucosa begins, diarrhea is possible, the coat takes on a well-groomed appearance, it can fall out, exposing the skin, the animal does not eat, but drinks a lot, gets hammered into the darkest corner.

Dog plague

After some time, the hind limbs are paralyzed, and then the respiratory tract and death occurs.

Depending on the focus of the virus dislocation, the plague is divided into:

  • pulmonary
  • intestinal
  • skin
  • nervous

IMPORTANT: It is noteworthy that in its pure form none of the forms is present, therefore, the above clinical characteristics are almost the same for all varieties of the virus.

The duration of the disease is different and depends on many factors:

  • with a lightning-fast version, the clinic of the disease is practically absent, and the animal dies within 24 hours
  • super-acute form is characterized by high temperature, refusal of food, coma and death of the animal within 2-3 days
  • with the acute form, all the indicated symptoms are observed and with proper treatment, 30% of the pets survive. However, the body of an ill animal can no longer function as before: problems with hearing, vision, smell, and nervous and mental disorders are characteristic
  • in the chronic form of the plague, lasting for months, a gradual "extinction" of the animal occurs, with manifest outbreaks of the clinical characteristics of the disease, which ultimately leads to death

The terrible virus does not spare any organ of the animal, but the nervous system suffers the most: the dog shakes and pulls its paws, it has seizures and often paralyzes the whole body.

The first symptom of plague in dogs is apathy and refusal to eat

Is plague transmitted from dog to dog?

A pet can become infected with a plague anywhere and anyway, since the causative agent of the disease belongs to the family of viruses that spread by airborne droplets.

IMPORTANT: If a healthy animal is in close contact with an infected person - it plays, eats and drinks from the same bowl, sniffs bowel movements - the plague is guaranteed.

Even the owner of the pet, walking in places of walking a sick dog, can bring the virus on his clothes or shoes. In most cases, infection occurs through the ears, mouth, nose. The causative agent, entering the body, affects the blood and tissues of the animal.

Plague transmitted from dog to dog

Is the plague transmitted from dog to person?

If a pet is sick, he needs the help of a host who can safely take care of an infected dog, since the causative agent of canine distemper is not transmitted to humans.

IMPORTANT: You need to know that this virus is very stable in the environment, and in order not to bring it into a house with a healthy animal, you need to treat clothes and shoes with ether or chloroform.

The plague is not transmitted from the dog to the person

Is the plague transmitted from the dog to the cat?

Not less beloved by many people, cats can also get sick with a plague. But they are not infected with it from dogs, that is, mutual exclusion is excluded.

Pathogen panleukopenia (plague) in cats is parvovirus. So, if two kinds of pets live at home, they will not be able to infect each other with a plague.

Chumka not transmitted from dog to cat

How to treat plague in a dog?

  • The sooner treatment of a sick animal has begun, the greater the chances of a favorable outcome
  • The most dangerous of the symptoms is damage to the central nervous system, therefore, therapy should be comprehensive, aimed at the individual clinical manifestations of the disease
  • The use of etiotropic therapy will help affect the pathogen. For the manufacture of serum, antibodies of already ill dogs are used, since they give the most powerful therapeutic effect
  • Domestic veterinary medicine relies on drugs of firms "Biocenter", "Narvak" or foreign analogues Merial, Biovet
  • The dose of serum for dogs with weight less than 5 kg makes up 2ml, but more than 5 kg - 5ml. If necessary, the procedure is repeated in the same dosage every other day. However, this is not a panacea, and the introduction of serum is effective only at the initial stage of the disease

IMPORTANT: In order for the dog’s immune system to work at an appropriate level during the illness, it must be maintained with the help of immunostimulants containing interferon, which suppresses the vital activity of the virus.

It is also necessary to compensate for the lack of B vitamins and calcium in the body of the pet by introducing the appropriate drugs.

IMPORTANT: It is also advisable to take antibiotics aimed at lowering the body temperature of a sick animal. Their choice depends on the symptoms of the disease.

Timely injected serum will save the dog’s life
  • If the dog coughs, then it is necessary to help her body remove sputum from the lungs by using expectorants: mucaltin, bromhexine, etc. The use of anti-inflammatory drugs is mandatory
  • For eye treatment, use various drops and ointments containing antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory substances. Regularly rinse and clean out suppuration in front of the dog’s eyes
  • This can be done with freshly brewed black tea, a 1 percent solution of boric acid

Dog plague vaccination

So that the four-legged friend of the family does not get sick with dog plague, it is necessary to vaccinate him. Vaccination is carried out at the age of one to one and a half months.

Some veterinarians believe that antibodies received from the mother remain in the blood for up to three months, so puppies should be vaccinated at this age.

IMPORTANT: The main thing is that in the post-vaccination period the puppy should not come into contact with other dogs for at least two weeks, and preferably a month, and that potential carriers of the virus do not come into the house.

The next vaccination is done at 6 months, and after that - once a year.

IMPORTANT: You can only vaccinate healthy animals, after cleaning the body from worms and fleas.

  • The vaccine for vaccination, both domestic and imported, should be purchased in specialized clinics
  • In most cases, it is a multivalent drug ("Nobivak", "Tetradog" etc.), designed to develop immunity from several common diseases
  • Such vaccinations by dogs are very easy to tolerate, and it is more acceptable for an animal to experience an immune shake once
A plague vaccine will protect the dog from illness

Can a vaccinated dog get sick with a plague?

If the owners of the dog are responsible, vaccinate their pet in time, he will not get sick. This does not mean that the animal does not catch the plague virus, it is simply unlikely to be noticeable: since antibodies are present in the animal’s blood, the body will cope with the disease without any problems.

IMPORTANT: There are times when a puppy is infected, but clinically the disease has not yet had time to manifest itself, and at the same time, the owners instilled a small pet. In 99% of cases, this leads to the death of the animal.

If, after some time after the vaccination, when the immunity has not yet formed, the puppy has caught the virus, then the situation is also very difficult and can lead to death.

IMPORTANT: No vaccine gives a 100% guarantee. It just helps to cope with the virus painlessly.

In vaccinated dogs, the plague can be asymptomatic and painless

Alternative treatment of plague in dogs at home

At the first noticed symptoms of the disease, you should definitely contact your veterinarian. After passing all the necessary tests, the symptomatic doctor will prescribe the necessary treatment. If it is possible to cure the pet at home, the veterinarian will certainly notify the owner of the animal.

IMPORTANT: But in no case can you independently treat the plague in a dog with folk remedies - it will not help and will lead to the death of the animal.

You can add some herbal decoctions to the main therapy determined by the veterinarian:

  • In order to reduce the level of intoxication, you can use decoction chamomile or hypericum
  • As a sedative, so that the pathology of the nervous system does not develop, it is possible to use motherwort decoction

To this you need to add a properly composed diet and tireless care of the owner.

Such folk methods will benefit the pet.

Homemade decoctions of medicinal herbs will help the dog recover faster after the plague

Dog plague treatment with vodka

Almost all veterinarians are clearly against the treatment of canine distemper virus with vodka, since, in their opinion, this will inevitably lead the dog to death.

However, some dog breeders use a vodka cocktail as therapy: 100 ml of vodka, one raw egg, one teaspoon of honey are thoroughly mixed and the dog is soldered with this solution.

IMPORTANT: This method is relevant only at the very beginning of the development of the disease, and if the dog has good immunity.

Dog plague treatment with vodka

The health of the domestic dog is entirely the responsibility of its owner. Therefore, in order to avoid health problems, he must vaccinate his pet against dangerous diseases and exclude his contact with unfamiliar animals.

Watch the video: Seizures in Dogs and Cats: 5 Natural Remedies (February 2020).